Powers of Attorney in the United States are subject to the laws of individual states, so the document changes to conform to your particular state s laws. There is no overall federal law concerning Powers of Attorney, but there is a model Uniform Power of Attorney Act which many states have adopted, fully or partially.
The document also automatically terminates when:
- The Principal dies.
- The Principal becomes incapacitated (if non-durable).
- The Agent dies or is declared legally incompetent and there is no successor named.
If you do decide to void a Power of Attorney, you should notify any banks, businesses, or other institutions that might be affected.
Power of attorney, also referred to as a POA, is a legal document that allows a person (principal) to choose someone else (agent or attorney-in-fact) to represent their financial, medical, tax, vehicle, parental, or any other needs selected. The document does not need an attorney to create (although it is always advised that a person seek legal counsel) and after completion, depending on the State, signatures need to be witnessed by at least two (2) people or by a notary public (preferred).
A Special or Limited POA gives an Agent the power to act on your behalf, but only specific powers. You can create several Special POAs, with different agents granted different powers. Here is a list of some of the specific powers you can grant to your Agent:.
- Sign checks.
- Withdraw money.
- Make a gift.
- Create, amend, revoke, or terminate an inter vivos trust.
- Create or change rights of survivorship.
- Create or change a beneficiary designation.
- Authorize another person to exercise authority granted by the power of attorney.
- Waive the principal’s right to be a beneficiary of a joint and survivor annuity, including a survivor benefit under a retirement plan.
- Exercise fiduciary powers that the principal has authority to delegate.