Yes, there are four types of POA forms.
- General: A general Power of Attorney form allows your representative to manage all of your property-based and financial affairs. This type of POA grants them general authority.
-Specific/Limited: A specific Power of Attorney form limits your representative s responsibilities to certain types of decisions. You can choose to allow someone to only make decisions in relation to business, for example.
- Ordinary: An ordinary Power of Attorney is only valid while you, the principal, are capable of making decisions. This type of POA becomes invalid in the event that you become incapacitated.
- Durable: An enduring Power of Attorney is when the contract continues even if you, the principal, become incapacitated.
Most states will recognize any POA that is validly signed in another state. So if you make a valid document while living in one state and then move to another state, your document will still be valid in your new state of residence. However, it may be a good opportunity to update your document and prevent it from being “stale”.
The powers that you can grant your attorney-in-fact include:
- Real Estate: To buy, sell, rent, or otherwise manage residential, commercial, and personal real estate.
- Business: To invest, trade, and manage any and all business transactions and decisions, as well as handle any claim or litigation matters.
- Finance: To control banking, tax, and government and retirement transactions, as well as living trust and estate decisions. Financial powers also allows your representative to control personal insurance policies and to continue donating to any charities in your stead.
- Family: To purchase gifts, employ professionals, and to buy, sell or trade any of your personal property.
- General Authority: This grants your personal attorney the authority to make any decisions that you would be able to if you were personally present.
A Financial Power of Attorney allows you to name your business or personal agent, someone who will make decisions or take actions on your behalf if you cannot. Your business or personal agent will make sure that your wishes are communicated to and taken into account by other parties. If you are out of the country when you are closing a business deal, paying a professional to manage your assets, keeping a personal assistant to do all of your banking and errands, or allowing your child to travel with a family friend, you can grant an agent power of attorney to sign documents on your behalf and/or make decisions for you.