Powers of Attorney in the United States are subject to the laws of individual states, so the document changes to conform to your particular state s laws. There is no overall federal law concerning Powers of Attorney, but there is a model Uniform Power of Attorney Act which many states have adopted, fully or partially.
A Special or Limited POA gives an Agent the power to act on your behalf, but only specific powers. You can create several Special POAs, with different agents granted different powers. Here is a list of some of the specific powers you can grant to your Agent:.
- Sign checks.
- Withdraw money.
- Make a gift.
- Create, amend, revoke, or terminate an inter vivos trust.
- Create or change rights of survivorship.
- Create or change a beneficiary designation.
- Authorize another person to exercise authority granted by the power of attorney.
- Waive the principal’s right to be a beneficiary of a joint and survivor annuity, including a survivor benefit under a retirement plan.
- Exercise fiduciary powers that the principal has authority to delegate.
A Non-Durable Power of Attorney is usually limited to specific situations and becomes effective immediately upon signing. It automatically ends when the specific situation is no longer in effect or when you die or become incapacitated. You can also rescind rescind it at any time.
A Power of Attorney form allows you to appoint another person to act on your behalf should you ever require someone to make short- or long-term decisions for you. On a Power of Attorney form, the person granting authority to another is the Principal. The person who is granted authority is called the Attorney-in-fact or Agent.